Waste and residue is a valuable energy resource that should be used more. Large amounts of biomass in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH)are unused, these quantities on an annual basis amounting to:
- About 1.3 million m3 of wood waste and residue resulting from remains from cutting trees and decaying matter in forests.
- About 1 million tons of crop residue is left in the fields after harvest.
- About 8 million tons of animal waste is produced at livestock farms.
The use of these biomass resources can further provide jobs as biomass is collected locally and used in the local energy (electricity and heat) generation facilities. Biomass is a renewable resource that is environmentally friendly, which means it does not contribute to CO2 emission (CO2 Neutral), and it has very low emissions of SO2 compared to coal (‘acid rain’). In addition, it eliminates emissions of methane resulting from biomass decay. Methane is a greenhouse gas 21 times more harmfulthan CO2.
The estimated technical potential for electricity generation from biomassisapproximately 1100 GWh (7% of total electricity production in BiH). This can also create additional revenue for Small and Medium size Enterprises (SMEs) from the agricultural, wood processing and animal farming sectors as a waste product is converted into a saleable commodity.