The goal of the Roundtable, which gathered representatives from the entity and state executive and legislative authorities, representatives from the Elekroprivredas, Regulatory Commissions for Energy, Environmental Funds, Non-Governmental Organizations, local communities, donors and media representatives, was to inform the public and all relevant electricity stakeholders about the final National Emission Reduction Plan (NERP), which encompasses the Emission Reduction Plans of Elektroprivreda BiH and Elektroprivreda RS. The NERP has been submitted to the relevant authorities and is now waiting for adoption by the entity governments and the Council of Ministers, after which it will be submitted to the Energy Community by the deadline, which is December 31, 2015. This will be the first time that a BiH obligation that stems from the Energy Community Treaty will be met within the deadline.
Large Combustion Plants (LCPs) are those with thermal input equal to or greater than 50 MW. The reduction of emissions from LCPs became an obligation for BIH in 2013, as a result of the Energy Community Ministerial Decisions from October 2013, which made the implementation of the EU LCP and Industrial Emissions Directives mandatory for signatories of the Energy Community Treaty, which includes Bosnia and Herzegovina. The implementation of the NERP in BiH will result in reduction of the three major pollutants: Sulphur Dioxide (SO2), Nitrogen Oxide (NOx) and particulate matters (dust). The most important thing is to reduce SO2 emission because of its huge impact on health and environment. The current SO2 emission in BiH is about 270,000 tons a year, and following the implementation of the NERP the emissions will be reduced to 15,000 tons a year by the end of 2027. The health and environmental benefits of the NERP implementation greatly exceed the investment cost, and that is the reason BiH should implement the NERP.
The USAID Energy Investment Activity is a USD $5.47 million program that will help the country to attract investment and create jobs in the energy sector. Through this activity, USAID EIA works to revise and align the permitting processes for construction of electricity generation facilities. The project will develop and recommend legislative measures, at all levels of government, which will stimulate investment in new power plants—especially renewable energy power plants and biomass cogeneration—in select regions of the country. It will also help establish a retail market in which electricity consumers can choose their supplier. The project will coordinate and advise on the development of a National Emission Reduction Plan for thermal power plants and will work to improve energy efficiency among distribution system operators and suppliers to reduce CO2 emissions and energy costs. The project will also support the BiH Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations in its role of coordinating the country’s energy sector on its path to European Union accession. A strong public outreach and awareness program will ensure BiH citizens understand the benefit from the changes taking place in the energy sector. To date, the U.S. Government, primarily through USAID, has provided more than $1.6 billion in assistance to support economic, democratic and social progress in BiH.